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JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. 



Vol. IV. MANHATTAN, KANSAS, AUGUST, 1888. No. 8. 
NEW SPECIES OF FUNGI FROM VARIOUS LOCALITIES. 



BY J. B. ELLIS AND B. M. EVERHART. 



(CONTINUED ON PAGE 65.) 



Physalacria Langloisii, E. & E. — On rotton wood. Louisiana, 
June 20,1888.Langlois,350. Minute, white or yellowish white, stip- 
ulate, stem of fibrous structure, somewhatpubescent, 300—400x50- 
70,* head subglobose or a little elongated or even depressed, quite 
solid at fiist, becoming hollow and sometimes cup-shaped from the 
falling away of the upper part, 14— l-3mmdiam. Surface when mag- 
nified appears finely pubescent from the projecting basidia which 
forms a compact layer covering the outer surface of the head, and 
are of an oblong-cylindrical shape, about 12 x 21/2 — 3, bearing at 
their tips the oblong-elliptical, hyaline spores 4 — 5 x 2i/ 2 - With 
the basidia are urn-shaped cystidia 30 — 35 x 15, contracted ab- 
ruptly above into a short, obtuse rough neck, projecting above the 
basidia. This must be distinguished from the Schweinitzian spe- 
cies by its much smaller size, and its urn-shaued cystidia. 

Cyphflla TRACHYCHiETA, E. ft E. — On fallen oak leaves, Loui- 
siana, July, 1888. Langlois, 1424. Gregarious, white, cup-shaped, 
sessile by a narrow base, 300 — 400 high and broad, clothed out- 
side with very roughappressed.subhyaline hairs with a smooth ta- 
pering tip 12 — 15 long. The hairs are paler around the base of 
the receptacle and are coarsely roughened by irregularly shaped 
tubercles, some of which are prolonged into short spmes. The ba- 
sidia and spores could not be well made out, but the latter are ap- 
parently very minute. Some of the plants were enlarged to full 1 
mm. across with the margin distinctly lobed. The hymenium is 
nearly white with a slight tinge of slate-color. 

♦Measurements in centimeters and millimeters will be indicated as usual by the abbre- 
viations cm. and mm. but micromillimeters, t. e. thousandths of a millimeter, will be writ- 
ten for the present without any denominational sign, or indicated by the abbreviation micr. 



74 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VoL. 4, No. 8, 

Corticium pezizoideum E.&E. — On decaying bean vines, New- 
field, N. J. and on decaying Arundinaria, St. Martinsville, La., 
May, 1888. Langlois, 1207. Milk white, thin, orbicular, i/ 2 — 1 mm. 
across, sometimes subconfluent, margin raised and fringed with 
short crisped hairs. Basidia clavate 12 — 15 x 7, their tips round- 
ed and subglobose. Spores globose, 3 micr. diam. 

Clavaria SPHiEROSPORA, E. & E. — On the ground in a garden, 
St. Martinsville, La., July, 1888. Langlois, 1435. Slender, 8 — 
10 cm. high, cinereous or pale mouse-color loosely branched, ulti- 
mate divisions subulate. Spores, (white) ? globose, 5 — 7 diam. 
The whole plant is quite slender, the common stem below being on- 
ly about 1 — 2 mm. thick, and the few upright, subundulate branch- 
es of about the same thickness throughout. 

Hypomyces pannosus, Schw. J. M. II, p. 76. — What we think 
must be this species has been sent from Louisiana by Rev. A. B. 
Langlois, (No. 1340), on rotten wood. The subiculum is of a dull 
yellowish-white and looks like some Rhinotrichum or Zygodes- 
mus or some abortive Corticium. Perithecia, waxy, yellowish, im- 
mersed in the subiculum. Ascicylindrical 100-110 x 6-7. Spori- 
dia 1-seriate, fusoid, 1-septate and slightly constricted, at length 
roughish,;hyaline,apiculate25-271ong, (including the appendages) , 
5-6 wide; without the appendages about 20 long. H. xylophilus 
Pk.has shorter sporidia and a more compact subiculum with more 
numerous perithecia. On a re-examination of the specimen of th's 
latter species from Prof. Morgan, we find the sporidia uniseptate. 

Valsa deusta, E. & E.— On decaying limbs of Carya. St. Mar- 
tinsville, La., June, 1888. Langlois, No. 1334. Perithecia 4—6, 
sunk in the surface of the wood, with thick membranaceous walls, 
shining-black inside (when dry), raisingthe bark into distinctpus- 
tules. Ostiola erumpent in a compact fascicle, short-cylindrical 
(i/smm), obtuse, quadrisulcate. Asci (p.sp.) clavate,about 15 x 4. 
sporidia crowded, 8 in an ascus.allantoid, strongly curved, mmute 
(314-4x1/2-%) . The cuticle is soon thrown off leaving the exposed 
surface of the inner bark uniformly blackened. 

Valsa (Eutypella) capillata, E. & E.— On decaying limbs, 
lying on the ground. St. Martinsville, La., May, 1888. Langlois 
No 1254 Stromata,pustuliform,2-3mm.diam.numerousand close- 
ly contiguous for 5-20 cm. blackening and carbonizing the bark 
and bounded by a black line which penetrates the wood but not 
deeply Perithecia membranaceous, thick-walled, black and shin- 
ing within (when dry) , 6-12 in a group, not distinctly circulating, 
l-3-V 2 mm diam.theirbasesslightlysunk in thewood. Ostiola cap- 
illary very long (1/2-1) cm. crooked, rough, brittle, (readily break- 



August, 188S.] new fungi. 75 

ing square off when dry), apices rounded and 4-5 sulcate, altogether 
resembling a mass of black strigose coarse hair covering the matrix 
with a nearly continuous coat. Asci clavate, truncate above, 15 x 
3V2 (P-sp.), withaslenderbasealsoaboutl5 long without paraphy- 
ses. Sporidia 8, crowded, yellowish in the mass, strongly curved, 
with a nucleus in each end, about 3^ x 14. In its smaller sporidia 
and very long ostiola this appears distinct from Eutypella Bon- 
ariensis, Speg. and from Valsa scoparia, Schw. Var. subsimplex 
has the perithecia larger (i/a-'^mm.) more deeply buried in the 
wood and only 1-2 in a stroma which is rounded and protuber- 
ant like the perithecia of some large suberumpent simple Sphseria. 
Both the var. and the species are found also on the bare wood. 

Diatrype acervata, E. & E. — On dead spots in living leaves of 
Yucca filamentosa, Newfield, N. J., July — Aug., 1888. Stromata 
small (1/2 mm.) , tobacco brown becoming black, soft, either single 
or oftener in compact groups, erumpent in the center of ellip- 
tical (14 — 4 cm. long) dirty white dead spots with a definite 
dark, red-brown border. Perithecia subcircinately arranged, 5—10 
in a stroma, white inside, 75 — 100 diam. subglobcse with a short 
subcylindrical ostiolum which is hardly d'scernableonthe surface 
of the stroma. Asci oblong 35 — 40 x 7 — 8 without any distinct 
paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, cblong-cvlindrical, slightly curved, 
hyaline, obtuse, slightly constricted in the middle and uniseptate, 
12 — 18 x 3 exactly resembling the sporidia of a Sphaerella. The 
clusters of stromata resemble the sori of a Puccinia. 

LOPHIOSTOMA (Lophionema) implexum. — On dead adventitious 
roots of Sorghum Halapense and on lower part of sheathing leaves 
of (Andropogon) ? Pointe a la Hache, La, June, 1886. Lang- 
lois 1439. Perithecia gregarious, brown strigose, ovate, about 1-3 
mm. diam.,subcuticular,theobtuse-conic,slightly compressed ost 1 '- 
olum and upper part of the perithecia erumpent, Asci 150 — 160 
x 8 — 10 clavate-cylindrical, with abundant filiform paraphyses. 
Sporidia filiform, closely braided or twisted toeether and about as 
long as the asci. Well characterized by its perithecia clothed with 
brown strigose hairs and its braided sporidia. 

Lophiostoma minima, E. & E. — On decavingwood, St. Martins- 
ville, La. Rev. A. B. Langlois 1388. Perithecia scattered, small 
(200 — 250), ovate-globcse, partly sunk in the wood, ost^'ola only 
slightly compressed, soon deciduous. Asci clavate-cylindrical, 75 
x 8 — 9 with abundant paraphyses. Sporidia uniseriate, oblong- 
elliptical, 10 — 12 x 4 — 5, subhyaline at first and nucleate, then 
olivaceous and 3-septate, ends rounded, obtuse. 



76 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VOL. 4, No. 8, 

Lophiostoma hysterioides, Ell. & Langlois. — On rotten oak 
stumps, St. Martinsville, La., July, 1888. Langlois, 1406. Peri- 
thecia gregarious, subglobose with their bases slightly sunk in the 
wood, mostly a little less than 1-3 mm. diam., ostiolum forming a 
narrow ridgeentirelyacrosstheperitheciaandthusgiving them the 
appearance of Hysterium. Ascicylindrical, 60 — 70 x 5 — 6 with 
abundant paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, fusoid, nearly straight, 
3-septate, smoky-hyaline, 14 — 16 x 3, the next to the upper cell 
swollen. 

Lophiostoma (Lophiosph^era) meridionale. — Onrottonwood, 
St. Martinsville, La., May 1888. Langlois No. 1205 Perithecia 
scattered, minute (14mm.) compressed buried in the wood, the 
projecting flattened black ostiolum alone being visible. Asci cla- 
vate — cylindrical, 75 x 8 — 9 with abundant paraphyses. Sporidia 
biseriate, fusoid hyaline, slightly curved, 1 — septate, and slightly 
constricted, 30 — 35 x 5. 

Leptosph^eria filamentosa, E. & E. — On dead places in liv- 
ing leaves of Yucca filamentosa, Newfield, N. J., July, 1888. 
Perithecia immersed scattered, small (200 — 225 micr.), depressed- 
globose the upper part slightly raising and barely rupturing the 
cuticle ostiolum not prominent. Asci subcylindrical, 75 — 80 x 7 
— 8; with abundant paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, oblong-cylir- 
drical, 3 — septate, yellow, constricted at the septa, not curved, 
12 — 15 x 4 — 5, ends obtuse. The spermogonial stage is a Conio- 
thyrium (C.concentricum) ? with small (4 micr.) , subglobose, brown 
sporules. The parts of the leaf (mostly the sides or tips) occupied 
by the ascigerous stage of this species are quite dead and already 
partly decayed and brittle. 

Metasphaeria punctulata, E. & E. — On dead culms of Par- 
icum Curtisii, St. Martinsville, La., March, 1888. Langlois 1358 
Perithecia scattered, immersed, the surface of the culm remaining, 
quite even but blackened around the small erumpent black ostiola 
or finally more or less uniformly blackened. Perithecia globose 
14 — l-3mm.diam.with a white, rather firm nucleus. Asci clavate- 
cylindrical 80 — 110 x 20 with indistinct paraphyses. Sporidia 
fusoid, slightly curved, 3— septate, hyaline, 40—50 x 6—7. 

Pleospora pustulans, E. & E.— On the exposed inner surface, 
of bark of Fraxinus. Clyde, N. Y., April, 1888. O. F. Cook, No. 
538. Perithecia gregarious, membranaceous ovate-globose, V 2 — 34 
mm. diam. raising the bark into subconical pustules with the 
papilliform ostiolum erumpent. Asci clavate-cylindfical, with a 
short stipitatebase,aboutl00xl5micr.,withabundant paraphyses, 
Sporidia uniseriate or subbiseriate varying from ovate to oblong 



August, 1888.] new fungi. 77 

and obling elliptical, at first pale brown and 3 — 4 — septate with 
the ends subacute, soon 5 — 7 — septate and darker with the ends 
obtuse, one or two of the cells divided by a longitudinal septum 
which finally runs through all but the terminal cells, more or less 
distinctly. This is very distinct from P. velata Sacc. & Roum. 
in F. G. 1081 in its much larger perithecia which are not flattened 
and in its mostly longer 3 — 7 — septate sporidia. Dr. Berlese in 
his fine monograph of Pleospora figures P. Saccardiana (of which 
he gives P. velata as a syn.) with 4-septate sporidia though he 
says the normal number is three as we find them in our copy 
of F. G. 

Pyrenophora hyphasmatis,E. & E. — On exposed cotton cloth. 
St. Martinsville, La., July, 1888. Langlois 1433. Perithecia 
gregarious, superficial, flask-shaped, mouse-colored, 340-370 micr. 
diam, clothed except the broad, truncate ostiolum with brown, 
sparingly branched and sparingly septate, short, soft, somewhat 
crisped and matted hairs. Asci clavate-cylindrical 65 — 70 x 6 — 7 
including the slender base, (p.sp.50-55micr.long) ,with abundant 
paraphyses. Sporidia crowded-biseriate, brown subnavicular 
with the ends at first subacute, 3-septate with occasionally one of 
the cells longitudinally divided 12 — 15x5 — 7 (mostly 12x6 micr). 
This has the general appearance of a Chsetomium. 

Ophiobolus cdnsimilis, E. & E. — On dead stems of Ochra. 
Louisiana. Langlois No. 1312. Perithecia as in 0. porphyrbionus 
gregarious on dull-red spots but net exclusively confined to them, 
smaller than in that species (about 200 — 250 mm.), sunk in the 
substance of the matrix their obtusely conic, i/jmm, long ostiola 
projecting. Asci cylindrical, 80 — 90 x 8 — 9. with abundant par- 
aphyses, Sporidia filiform, yellowish — hyaline nearly straight, 
multinucleate (becoming multiseptate) ?, 75 — 80 x 2 — 2y 2 . Dis- 
tinguished from O pophvrogonus by its shorter, broader asci and 
sporidia and smaller perithecia. 

BOTRYOSPH.ERIA minor E. & E.— On Sesbania, Louisiana. 
Langlois 1403 (partly) Perithecia minute (150— 170 micr), white 
inside, mostly m small erumpent groups of 2 — 6 joined in an im- 
perfectly developed stroma. Asci 75 x 20 micr. Sporidia crowded 
biseriate, subelliptical (narrower at the ends), 14 — 16 x 6—7, 
yellowish-hyaline. Differs from the larger forms included under 
Botryosphseria (Melogramma fuliginosum, in its smaller size. 

Physalospora Sesbania E. & E. — On Sesbania macrocarpa. 
St. Martinsville, La. June 1888. Langlois, 1403 (partly). Per- 
ithecia scattered, 150—200 micr. diam. of rather coarse cellular 
structure, partlv erumpent, papillate. Asci clavate-cylindrical 



78 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VOL. 4, No. 8, 

about 60x10 micr., with imperfectly developed paraphyses. Sporidia 
crowded biseriate,clavate-oblongor fusoid-oblong, slightly curved, 
yellowish-hyaline, 2 — 3 — nucleate, 14 — 16 x 31^ — 4. Differs from 
Botryosphaeria minor on the same stems in its solitary perithecia 
and narrow sporidia. 

Thyridaria eutypoides, E. & E. — On bark of decaying Melia. 
Louisiana, July, 1888. Langlois, No. 1377. Perithecia minute 
(110 — 120 micr. diam.), immersed, scattered quite uniformly 
through the blackened and subcarbonized substance of the bark 
but lying mostly near the surface and here and there collected in 
valsiform groups. Ostiola short cylindrical with a round opening 
at the subtruncate and slightly swollen apex and so numerous as 
to appear under the lens like a fine black pubescence. Asci 
(p. sp.) about 35 x 7 micr. or with the short stipe like base 40 — 
45 micr. long, surrounded with abundant filiform paraphyses. 
Sporidia biseriate,oblong or clavate-oblong,3-septate and slightly 
constricted at the septa, olive-brown, slightly curved, ends sub- 
obtuse, 10 — 12 x 2V% — 3. On the same specimens was a Valsa of 
the section Eutypella, agreeing well with the description of Eu- 
typella paradisaica, Speg. 

CeratospHjERIA microdoma, E. & E. — On bark of decaying 
(Sambucus) ? St. Martinsville, La., June 1888. Langkrs No. 1310. 
Perithecia barely covered by the bark, densely gregarious, minute, 
not over one-sixth mm. in diam., ostiola projecting, cylindrical, 
1-3 mm. long, rough and more or less overrun with a brown 
tomentum (which however may be only accidental) . Asci oblong- 
cylindrical or clav-cylind. 50 — 55 x 7 — 8 subsessile with rather 
stout filiform paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate or crowded, oblong 
or clavate-oblong 3-septate and slightly constricted at the septa, 
olive-brown 11 — 12 x 2V2 — 3. 

Sordaria pencillata, E. & E. — On an old decaying Chinese 
mat. St. Martinsville, La., July 1888. Langlois No. 1449. Per- 
ithecia gregarious, ovate, i/t — l-3mm.diam.,atfirstentirely buried 
except the protruding ostiolum, at length with upper half emergent, 
ostiolum short-cylindrical or obtusely-conical and surrounded by a 
tuft of straight, erect, closely crowded pale brown c^tinuous 
hairs 1-3 — V2 mm - lon £- Asci oblong cylindrical about 150 x 20 — 
25, 4-spored, with indistinct paraphyses. Sporidia subhyaline and 
clavate-cylindrical at first, then olivaceous with a single large 
nucleus, finally elliptical and opake, 25—30 x 18—20, with a 
cylindrical, nearly straight, hyaline appendage 12 — 15 x 4 — 5 at 
the lower end and the upper end obtusely pointed or subtruncate. 



August, 1888.] new fungi. 79 



Sordaria striata, E. & E. — On decaying stems of some large 
weed. St. Martinsville, La. July, 1888. Langlois No. 1408. 
Gregarious. Perithecia ovate-conic, 2-3 mm. high andi^mm. broad, 
black, tubercular — roughened, the tubercles seriate above so as to 
cause the conic ostiola to appear striate. The tubercles are at 
first capped with a few light colored granules, like grains of white 
sugar but these at length disappear. Asci linear-lanceolate, con- 
tracted towards each endandperforatedabove, 200 micr.long and 
over ( including the filiform base) and 12 — 15 micr. wide, with abun- 
dant paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, (notfullymaturein the speci- 
mens seen ) 45 — 50 x 4 — 4 14 , consisting of a cylindrical body with the 
upper end enlarged into an elliptical head 12 — 15 x 7 — 8 with a 
hyaline (12 micr. long) appendage at each end. Well marked by 
the tuberculose-striate ostiolum. 

Ch^etomium caninum, E. & E. — On dog dung, with (Isaria 
felina) ? St. Martinsville, La. July 1888. Langlois No. 1384. 
Densely gregarious, cinereous gray. Perithecia ovate, 250 x 220 
micr. membranaceous, thin, rather coarsely cellular, clothed with 
ligrht gray, muricately roughened, rather distinctly-septate hairs 
which are much longer and denser above (300 x 4 micr.) with 
their tips subcircinately involute, and their bases slightly swollen. 
The hairs around the apex of the perithecia diverge so as to show 
the black papilliform ostiolum. Asci clavate (p. sp. 20 — 24 x 8 — 9 
micr.), with a slender base. Sporidia 8 in an ascus, short lemon- 
shaped, smoky-hyaline, darker (subolivaceous) inthemass, scarcely 
apiculate, 5 — 7 x 4 — 5 mostly 5 — 6 x 4 — 414, at first considerably 
smaller, in fact they do not appear to attain their full size while 
in the asci. This may perhaps be considered as a dwarf form of 
Ch. stercoreum Speg., as it agrees with the description of that 
species only it is smaller throughout. The specimens examined 
seemed mature but no sporidia were seen over 7 micr. in their 
longest diameter. 

Caryospora Langloisii, E. & E. — On old canes of Arundi- 
naria. Louisiana March '88. Langlois, No. 1238. Perithecia 
gregarious, nearly superficial, their bases slightly sunk in the 
matrix, depressed-conical, large (nearly 1 mm. across), dull 
black with a distinct papilliform ostiolum. Asci broad oblong or 
narrow elliptical subsessile 120 — 140 x 40 — 45, 8-spored, with 
abundant filiform paraphyses. Sporidia crowded in the asci 
somewhat almond-shaped or acutely elliptical, 1-septate and 
slightly constricted at the septum, ends obtusely pointed, yellow- 
ish-hyaline at first, soon dark brown, 35 — 45 x 16 — 20. 



80 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VOL. 4, No. 8, 

Diatrype pustulans, E. & E. — On dead stems of Arundinaria. 
St. Martinsville, La. Langlois 1215 (partly). Stromata flattened, 
formed of the scarcely altered substance of the matrix, covered 
by the cuticle which is blackened and raised in a pustuliform 
manner and finally pierced by the slightly projecting papilliform 
ostiola. The separate stromata are 14, — V2 cm - across but are more 
or less confluent with each other for 2 — 4 cm. or more in extent, 
the surface of the culm being continuously blackened and the 
entire area bounded by a black circumscribing line. Perithecia 
membranaceo-coriaceous, subglobose or a little flattened, of me- 
dium size, 8 — 12 in a stroma. Asci slender, 75 — 85 x 6 — 7, sub- 
sessile, with distinct filiform paraphyses. Sporidia 1-seriate, 
oblong, 1-septate and constricted, slightly narrowed at the ends, 
straight, brown, 10 — 12 x 3. This is preceded or accompanied 
by a Coinothyrium with numerous small, immersed perithecia 
and small (2 micr.) brown sporules which ooze out and stain the 
surface of the matrix with an olivaceous, pulverulent coat. 

*Diatrypella decipiens, E. & E. — On bark of Umbellularia 
Calif ornica. Sent from Coos Co., Oregon, in Feb. 1884, by our 
esteemed friend, the late Wm. S. Carpenter. Stroma erumpent, 
black (lighter colored at first), orbicular, or oblong, 2—6 mm. 
Across, pulvinate, convex or, in the larger specimens, almost plane, 
whitish inside, with a black circumscribing line around the base. 
Ostiola slightly prominent, quadrisulcate, situated in a slight de- 
pression. Perithecia monostichous, oblong-ovate about % mm. 
iong, contracted abruptly into a short neck above. Asci (p. sp.) 
50 — 70 x 6 — 7, polysporous. Sporidia yellowish, allantoic!, mod- 
erately curved, 3 1 /-; — 4i/ 2 (or exceptionally 5 micr. long) and less 
than 1 micr. thick!" This can not be distinguished by its external 
characters from Diatrype bullata, (Hoff.) but internally it is very 
different. 

Gnomonia tenella, E. & E. — On fallen and decaying leaves of 
Acer rubrum, Newfield, N. J., June, 1888. Perithecia amphi- 
genous, scattered, mostly in the lamina of the leaf and not con- 
fined to the veinlets, depressed-globose, small ( 14 — 1-3 mm. ) covered 
by the cuticle which is raised above it. Ostiolum black, straight, 
bristle-like, about 1 mm. long. Asci fusoid, 50—70 x 6 — 7. 
Sporidia fasciculate, narrow cylindrical, nucleate, 16 — 22 x l 1 /^ — 2 
with a long slender pointed, hair-like appendage at each end 15 — 20 
micr. long. Specimens on Rubus fruticosus in Kunze's Fungi Sel. 
113, referred to G. setacea Pers. are much like this if not the 
same. The apical ap pendages on the sporidia are coiled in the 

*Thisand the preceding species were accidentally omitted on page 63. 



August, 1888.] new fungi. SI 

upper part of the ascus and when this is ruptured protrude like 
the sporidia in some species of Ophiobolus. Often these hair-like 
appendages remain more or less bent or curved but for the most 
part straighten themselves out more or less perfectly after leaving 
the asci. The perithecia occur also on the petioles of the leaf, and 
are more perfectly developed there but are readily distinguished 
from those of G. emar-ginata by their shorter thinner ostiola and 
also by the color of the petiole itself which is of a lighter color 
when occupied by the last mentioned species. 

(Gnomonia emabginata, Fckl. Symb. p. 122) ? — On petioles 
of fallen and decaying leaves of Acer rubrum, Newfield, N. J., 
June 1888. Perithecia depressed, 1/2 mm. diam. covered by the 
cuticle, which is distinctly raised over them. Ostiolum black, 
setiform, crooked, slender, about 2 mm. long, attached to one side 
of the perithecia. Asci sessile, broad fusoid, 70 — 80 x 15. Spo- 
ridia fasciculate, fusoid4-nucleate (probably becoming 1-septate), 
yellowish -hyaline, 25 — 30 x 4 — 41/2, with a stout, awl-shaped, hya- 
line appendage at each end. The appendages however soon dis- 
appear. Fuckel gives no measurements of the asci and sporidia 
and on referring to the specimens in the exsiccati accessible, those 
in Kunze's Fungi Selecti, 252 and in Fungi Austriaci, 966 and 
Fungi Gallici 3951 are without fruit. In the Rabh. Winter series 
(2756 on leaves of Betula alba) , the perithecia and ostiola are the 
same as in our specimens but the asci and sporidia are smaller, 
viz. : 35—40 x 7, and 20—22 x 2— 2i/ 2 , respectively. Dr. Winter 
refers the number just mentioned (2756) to G. setacea Pers. but 
that species has smaller perithecia and sporidia. Saccardo in Syll. 
gives the sporidia as 14—15 x 114—2, and Karsten 8—14 x about 
lmicr. Examiningthe specimens of this species in our exsicati we 
find it indeThumen's Mycotheca,455andl741,in Rehms Ascomy- 
cetes 494and495andinKunze's F. Sel. 251, with the spondia quite 
uniformly 10 — 12 x 1 X A — 1V2- It would therefore seem that Rab. 
Winter 2756 may be more properly referred to G. emarginata, 
Fckl. and we are disposed to refer for the present also to that 
species the Newfield specimens on petioles of maple leaves though 
they have the sporidia considerably longer and thicker. No ap- 
pendages were seen on the sporidia in Rabh. Winter 2756 but 
these often disappear in old or mature specimens. 



82 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [Vol. 4, No. 8, 



Siphoptychium Casparyi, Rfski. — In 1884 I received from 
Dr. Rex a specimen which was thought to belong to this species 
and the description of S. Casparyi given by Rostafinski in his 
"Mycetozoa" agreed in all respects with the plant from the 
Adirondack Mountains. A note on the subject was given by Dr. 
Rex in the Botanical Gazette of October 1884 together with a 
translation of Rostafmski's description. I would add that Dr. 
Rex's plant also agreed with the figure of S. Casparyi in the 
supplement to Rostafmski's work. In North American Fungi, 
No. 2092, specimens of this species were distributed collected by 
Dr. Rex, I presume at the same time with the specimen which he 
had previously sent me, but on this point I am not certain. Pos- 
sibly there may have been a confusion in the distribution for it is 
stated in Grevillea of June last that No. 2092 N. A. F. is not 
Siphoptychium but Tubulina cylindrica. On referring to my 
own copy of N. A. F. I find that No. 2092 is the same as the 
Siphoptychium previously examined by me and, although not in 
so good condition as the original specimen, owing perhaps to the 
fact that it had been slightly pressed, on examination one can dis- 
tinctly recognize the columella and the thick scanty capillitium 
characteristic of Siphoptichium. The general aspect is that of 
Tuoulina but the presence of capillitium and columella excludes 
the fungus in question from that genus. It seems to be beyond 
question that we have in this country a genuine member of the 
genus Siphoptichium and, as far as can be told from the detailed 
description given by Rcstafinski, our species is the same as that 
found in Europe. Possibly an examination of European specimens 
might show that our plant was specifically distinct, although it is 
not very probable. There is no doubt however with regard to the 
generic position of our plant. W. G. F. 



NEW LITERATURE. 



Nota sopra una forma singolare di Agaricus. U. Martelli. 
Nuovo Giornale Bot. Ital. Luglio, '88. 

Due Funghi nuovi dell'agro Bellunense. Per. U. Martelli. 
(Phyllosticta Bellunensis et P. Venziana on Ulmus&Lamium. 1. c. 

Champignons nouveaux de l'Aube," observes par le Major 
Briard. Revue Mycologique, Juillet, '88. 

Sur quelque especes de Meliola nouvelles ou peu connues, par 
M. N. Patouillard, 1. c.